A proposal for confrontation of Alcoholism at social support level

In this article we fisrt give a brief overview of the consequences and the epidemiology of alcoholism Medical complications due to heavy drinking fall into three categories: acute and chronic effects and withdrawal effects which affect mental as well as physical health. These conditions are treated at general Hospitals (pathological clinics, mental health clinics and centers specialized on alcoholism). Alcoholics can also seek help at consultant centers offering long-lasting services to outpatients, such as psychotherapy and support.

Then we advance some proposals about combating alcohol dependence which involve all three levels of prevention (primary, secondary and tertiary). In this way an attempt is made to prevent population at risk from heavy drinking as well as to identify and treat alcoholism and its complications in early stages and provide the appropriate care after hospitalization by facilitating social rehabilitation and reducing the probability of relapse.

Of high importance is also the involvement of a network including mental health professionals, teachers, parents and social services of local community.

Finally secondary prevention centers and special centers offering group psychotherapy services together with A.A. (Alcoholis-Anonymous) groups, where alcoholics can help one other overcome their dependence and reinforce their self-esteem, are very helpful in treating alcoholism and avoiding relapses.

Key words: Alcoholism, social support.